A single carbon atom can form a maximum of how many single covalent bonds

Answers

Answer 1
Answer:

A single carbon atom can form a maximum of 4 single covalent bonds.

Why can the carbon atom form this ?

This is because carbon has 4 valence electrons, which are electrons that are available to form bonds with other atoms. Each single covalent bond consists of 2 valence electrons, so a single carbon atom can form a maximum of 4 single covalent bonds.

Carbon atoms can also form double and triple covalent bonds, which consist of 4 and 6 valence electrons, respectively. However, a single carbon atom can only form a maximum of 4 covalent bonds in total.

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Answer 2
Answer:

I think it is carbon atom can form a maximum of 4 single covalent bonds... This is because it has 4 electrons and needs to reach a total of 8, so it can make up to 4 covalent bonds to gain the electrons it needs. I wish it help. Please comment



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What is a major reservoir for ammonia?

Answers

Answer:

The major reservoir for Ammonia is the natural soil, where it is present in abundance.

Explanation:

In soil, ammonia is found in quite abundance, where it is changed into nitrate through a process commonly knows as Nitrification. In the nitrification process, first, nitrite is formed which is followed by its conversion into nitrate by a bacteria known as Nitrobacteria. Finally, this nitrate is consumed by the plants, which are then eaten up by the animals.

Final answer:

Ammonia is a crucial compound found variously within the biosphere. In animals, it is processed into safer compounds for excretion, while in the environment, it is both a product of decomposition processes and an important component for agricultural practices.

Explanation:

Ammonia is a nitrogenous compound that plays a significant role in various biological and ecological contexts. In terrestrial animals, the major reservoir for ammonia is the biological system where it is present in compounds such as proteins and nucleic acids. Through the process of metabolism, animals convert the toxic ammonia into urea or uric acid, which are safer for the organism. This is exemplified by the urea cycle in mammals and the corresponding processes in birds, reptiles, and terrestrial arthropods.

Additionally, ammonia is an important product of ammonification, a process that occurs during the decomposition of nitrogen-containing organic compounds. A small percentage of ammonia is also released into the atmosphere.

Furthermore, ammonia is crucial for our economy, particularly in the agriculture industry. It is heavily utilized in the production of fertilizers and also serves as a vital ingredient for the growth of several crops.

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Help pleasseeeeeee Condensation helped to form early oceans when water vapor in clouds begin to cool. The temperature on early Earth was important to the early oceans. What would have happened if the temperature of early Earth had heated significantly soon after the oceans formed?

The water in the ocean would have evaporated.
The water in the ocean would have undergone sublimation.
The water in the ocean would have percolated down into the soil.
The water in the ocean would have undergone evapotranspiration.

Answers

The correct answer is option A

The water in the ocean would have evaporated. Condensation was the reason for the formation of clouds and rain at that time. The temperature at that time was in the favor for the formation of ocean. Then, the ocean was formed and if the temperature could have increased soon after the oceans were formed. The water could have evaporated from the oceans.

The water in the ocean would have percolated down into the soil.

Species of bacteria can evolve more quickly than species of mammals because bacteria have--

Answers

higher rates of reproduction

Answer:

higher rates of reproduction

and no back bones

Explanation:

Which forms the basis of taxonomy in the twenty-first century

Answers

Taxonomy is the science of classifying organisms. The system currently used by taxonomists is called the Linnaean taxonomic system.

A fossil mold that reflects the shape and surface markings of an organism is created when

Answers

Mud gets an imprint. The imprint hardens and dries. Eventually over thousands of years, it becomes rock as layers of the earth preserve it.

Question 1 All living organisms contain carbon atoms. Which of the following is an important characteristic of carbon?

Question 1 options:

Carbon atoms are highly reactive and form unstable bonds with any available atom.


Carbon atoms can bond with any other atom, but they cannot form bonds with other carbon atoms


Carbon atoms are very stable and do not easily form bonds with other atoms


Carbon atoms can bond with many other kinds of atoms to form very stable molecules.



Question 2
Any chemical that contains carbon bonded to at least one other atom, usually hydrogen, is known as a

Question 2 options:

Carbohydrate


Fatty Acid


Organic Molecule




Question 3
How many valence electrons are generally needed to fill the outer shell of most atoms?

Question 3 options:

4


6


8



Question 4
The macromolecules in biochemistry are proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids. What main elements do all of have in common?

Question 4 options:

Carbon and Sulfur


Carbon and Hydrogen


Oxygen and Nitrogen


Oxygen and Phosphorus

Answers

1. The correct answer is 4. Carbon can bond to 4 other atoms, exponentially increasing its ability to make different molecules.

2. The correct answer is 3. An organic compound (or molecule) is any atom (usually hydrogen) that bonds with carbon.

3.  The correct answer is the third option (8 electrons). Valence electrons in the outer shell are those can form a chemical bond. When (most) atoms have 8 electrons in their outer shell, they are then considered to have maximum stability.

4. The correct answer is 2. These macromolecules all contain carbon and hydrogen, making them organic compounds. 
1 - Carbon atoms can bond with many other kinds of atoms to form very stable molecules. 2 - organic molecules . 3 -  8 (full shell) . 4 - i'd say Carbon and Hydrogen